Beyond Groundwater Modeling: Integrated Simulation of Watershed Systems using ParFlow
Accurately characterizing the spatial and temporal variability of water and energy fluxes in many hydrologic systems requires an integrated modeling approach that captures the interactions and feedbacks between groundwater, surface water, and land- surface processes. Increasing recognition that these interactions and feedbacks play an important role in system behavior has lead to exciting new developments in coupled surface-subsurface modeling, with coupled surface-subsurface modeling becoming an increasingly useful tool for describing many hydrologic systems.
This clinic will provide a brief background on the theory of coupled surface-subsurface modeling techniques and parallel applications, followed by examples and hands-on experience using ParFlow, an open-source, object-oriented, parallel watershed flow model. ParFlow includes fully-integrated overland flow; the ability to simulate complex topography, geology and heterogeneity; and coupled land-surface processes including the land-energy budget, biogeochemistry, and snow processes. ParFlow is multi-platform and runs with a common I/O structure from laptop to supercomputer. ParFlow is the result of a long, multi-institutional development history and is now a collaborative effort between CSM, LLNL, UniBonn, and UC Berkeley. Many different configurations related to common hydrologic problems will be discussed through example problems.