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Also known as
Model type Single
Model part of larger framework
Note on status model
Date note status model
Incorporated models or components:
Spatial dimensions 3D
Spatial extent Global
Model domain Climate, Marine
One-line model description GISS Atmosphere-Ocean Model
Extended model description The Atmosphere-Ocean Model is a computer program that simulates the Earth's climate in three dimensions on a gridded domain. The Model requires two kinds of input, specified parameters and prognostic variables, and generates two kinds of output, climate diagnostics and prognostic variables. The specified input parameters include physical constants, the Earth's orbital parameters, the Earth's atmospheric constituents, the Earth's topography, the Earth's surface distribution of ocean, glacial ice, or vegetation, and many others. The time varying prognostic variables include fluid mass, horizontal velocity, heat, water vapor, salt, and subsurface mass and energy fields.
Name David Rind
Type of contact Technical contact
Institute / Organization NASA/Goddard Institute for Space Studies
Postal address 1 2800 Broadway
Postal address 2
Town / City New York
Postal code 10025
State New York
Country United States
Email address
Phone 212-678-5593

Supported platforms
Other platform
Programming language


Other program language
Code optimized
Multiple processors implemented
Nr of distributed processors
Nr of shared processors
Start year development 1990
Does model development still take place? No
If above answer is no, provide end year model development
Code development status
When did you indicate the 'code development status'?
Model availability
Source code availability
(Or provide future intension)
Through web repository
Source web address
Source csdms web address
Program license type Other
Program license type other
Memory requirements
Typical run time

Describe input parameters
Input format
Other input format
Describe output parameters
Output format
Other output format
Pre-processing software needed? No
Describe pre-processing software
Post-processing software needed? No
Describe post-processing software
Visualization software needed? No
If above answer is yes
Other visualization software

Describe processes represented by the model
Describe key physical parameters and equations
Describe length scale and resolution constraints
Describe time scale and resolution constraints
Describe any numerical limitations and issues

Describe available calibration data sets
Upload calibration data sets if available:
Describe available test data sets
Upload test data sets if available:
Describe ideal data for testing

Do you have current or future plans for collaborating with other researchers?
Is there a manual available? No
Upload manual if available:
Model website if any
Model forum / discussion board

This part will be filled out by CSDMS staff

OpenMI compliant No but possible
BMI compliant No but possible
WMT component No but possible
PyMT component
Is this a data component
Can be coupled with:
Model info
David Rind
Nr. of publications: 10
Total citations: 1030
h-index: 9
m-quotient: 0.3
Qrcode GISS AOM.png
Link to this page




Nr. of publications: 10
Total citations: 1030
h-index: 9
m-quotient: 0.3

Featured publication(s)YearModel describedType of ReferenceCitations
Miller, James R.; Russell, Gary L.; Caliri, Guilherme; 1994. Continental-Scale River Flow in Climate Models. Journal of Climate, 7, 914–928. 10.1175/1520-0442(1994)0072.0.CO;2
(View/edit entry)

Model overview

Russell, Gary L.; Miller, James R.; Rind, David; 1995. A coupled atmosphere‐ocean model for transient climate change studies. Atmosphere-Ocean, 33, 683–730. 10.1080/07055900.1995.9649550
(View/edit entry)
Model overview 354
See more publications of GISS AOM



Input Files

Output Files