CSDMS 2023: Patterns and Processes Across Scales

Apples to apples: Comparing the transport patterns of a wide variety of materials within a unified reduced-complexity modeling framework

Kyle Wright

University of Texas at Austin; TWDB, United States
Jayaram Hariharan University of Texas at Austin; USGS United States
Paola Passalacqua University of Texas at Austin United States

Coastal systems are an environmental sink for a wide range of materials of scientific interest, including sediments, nutrients, plastics, oils, seeds, and wood, to name only a few. Due to differences in material properties such as buoyancy, each of these materials are liable to have characteristic transport pathways which differ from the mean flow and each other, hydraulically “sorting” these materials in space. However, it remains difficult to quantify these differences in transport, due in part to the use of disparate models and approaches for each respective material. In this talk, I will advance a novel modeling framework for simulating the patterns of transport for a wide range of fluvially-transported materials using a single unified reduced-complexity approach, allowing us to compare and quantify differences in transport between materials. Using a hydrodynamic model coupled with the stochastic Lagrangian particle-routing model “dorado,” we are able to simulate at the process-level how local differences in material buoyancy lead to emergent changes in partitioning and nourishment in river deltaic systems. I will show some of the insights we have learned regarding the tendency for materials to be autogenically sorted in space, as well as progress we have made bridging between the process-level framework used in dorado and more physics-based approaches based on transport theory.

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Of interest for:
  • Coastal Working Group
  • Hydrology Focus Research Group