Also known as
Model type Single
Model part of larger framework
Note on status model
Date note status model
Incorporated models or components:
Spatial dimensions
Spatial extent Regional-Scale
Model domain Terrestrial, Cryosphere
One-line model description Ice sheet model
Extended model description SICOPOLIS (SImulation COde for POLythermal Ice Sheets) is a 3-d dynamic/thermodynamic model that simulates the evolution of large ice sheets and ice caps. It was originally created by Greve (1997a,b) in a version for the Greenland ice sheet. Since then, SICOPOLIS has been developed continuously and applied to problems of past, present and future glaciation of Greenland, Antarctica, the entire northern hemisphere, the polar ice caps of the planet Mars and others.
Name Ralf Greve
Type of contact Model developer
Institute / Organization Hokkaido University
Postal address 1
Postal address 2
Town / City Sapporo
Postal code 060-0819
Country Japan
Email address

Supported platforms
Unix, Linux, Mac OS
Other platform
Programming language


Other program language
Code optimized Single Processor
Multiple processors implemented
Nr of distributed processors
Nr of shared processors
Start year development 1995
Does model development still take place? Yes
If above answer is no, provide end year model development
Code development status Active
When did you indicate the 'code development status'? 2020
Model availability As code
Source code availability
(Or provide future intension)
Through web repository
Source web address
Source csdms web address
Program license type GPL v3
Program license type other
Memory requirements --
Typical run time --

Describe input parameters Surface mass balance, (precipitation, evaporation, runoff), Mean annual air temperature above the ice, Eustatic sea level, Geothermal heat flux.
Input format ASCII
Other input format
Describe output parameters Extent and thickness of the ice sheet, Velocity field, Temperature field, Water content field (temperate regions), Age of the ice, Isostatic displacement and temperature of the lithosphere.
Output format ASCII
Other output format
Pre-processing software needed? No
Describe pre-processing software
Post-processing software needed? No
Describe post-processing software
Visualization software needed? No
If above answer is yes
Other visualization software

Describe processes represented by the model --
Describe key physical parameters and equations --
Describe length scale and resolution constraints --
Describe time scale and resolution constraints --
Describe any numerical limitations and issues --

Describe available calibration data sets
Upload calibration data sets if available:
Describe available test data sets
Upload test data sets if available:
Describe ideal data for testing

Do you have current or future plans for collaborating with other researchers?
Is there a manual available? Yes
Upload manual if available: Media:SICOPOLIS V5dev Quick Start.pdf
Model website if any
Model forum / discussion board for announcements, discussions, Q&A.

and for automatic mailing of commit logs.


This part will be filled out by CSDMS staff

OpenMI compliant No but possible
BMI compliant No but possible
WMT component No but possible
PyMT component No but possible
Is this a data component
Can be coupled with:
Model info
Ralf Greve
Nr. of publications: 150
Total citations: 8441
h-index: 50
m-quotient: 1.72
Qrcode SICOPOLIS.png
Link to this page




Nr. of publications: 150
Total citations: 8441
h-index: 50
m-quotient: 1.72

Featured publication(s)YearModel describedType of ReferenceCitations
Greve, R.; Hutter, K.; 1995. Polythermal three-dimensional modelling of the Greenland ice sheet with varied geothermal heat flux. Annals of Glaciology, 21, 8–12. 10.1017/S0260305500015524
(View/edit entry)
Model overview 38
Huybrechts, Philippe; Payne, Tony; 1996. The EISMINT benchmarks for testing ice-sheet models. Annals of Glaciology, 23, 1–12. 10.1017/S0260305500013197
(View/edit entry)
Model application 246
Greve, Ralf; 1997. Application of a Polythermal Three-Dimensional Ice Sheet Model to the Greenland Ice Sheet: Response to Steady-State and Transient Climate Scenarios. Journal of Climate, 10, 901–918. 10.1175/1520-0442(1997)0102.0.CO;2
(View/edit entry)
Model application 272
See more publications of SICOPOLIS



Input Files

Output Files