Also known as
Model type Single
Model part of larger framework
Note on status model
Date note status model
Spatial dimensions 3D
Spatial extent Landscape-Scale
Model domain Coastal
One-line model description Quantitative Dynamic Sequence Stratigraphic Model
Extended model description QDSSM is a 3D cellular, forward numerical model coded in Fortran90 that simulates landscape evolution and stratigraphy as controlled by changes in sea-level, subsidence, discharge and bedload flux. The model includes perfect and imperfect sorting modules of grain size and allows stratigraphy to be build over time spans of 1000 to million of years.

landscape evolution, stratigraphy, coastal evolution,

Name George Postma
Type of contact Project manager
Institute / Organization Utrecht Univeristy
Postal address 1 Budapestlaan 4
Postal address 2
Town / City Utrecht
Postal code 3584 CD
Country Netherlands
Email address
Phone +31 30 2534155
Fax +31 30 2532648

Name Xander Meijer
Type of contact Model developer
Institute / Organization
Postal address 1
Postal address 2
Town / City
Postal code
Email address

Supported platforms
Other platform
Programming language


Other program language
Code optimized Single Processor
Multiple processors implemented
Nr of distributed processors
Nr of shared processors
Start year development 1998
Does model development still take place? Yes
If above answer is no, provide end year model development
Code development status
When did you indicate the 'code development status'?
Model availability As code
Source code availability
(Or provide future intension)
Source web address
Source csdms web address
Program license type Other
Program license type other NOT SURE
Memory requirements --
Typical run time On a 0.5 GHz Windows server, a 1000 time steps and 50 x 50 cell grids takes less than 2 minutes. The run time is never an issue. Getting the input files in place to make a run is the limiting factor. Memory becomes an issue with increasing size of the cell grid.

Describe input parameters Input is in the form of values per time step for the following variables: files of rain fall, river inlet, sea-level, substratum thickness, tectonics, subsidence, while the model is calibrated through environmental coefficients, threshold slopes, threshold discharge, and set for interval time steps, number of time steps, environmental coefficients (m2/yr) and substratum grain size.
Input format ASCII
Other input format
Describe output parameters Maps of geomorphology, discharge, deposition, isopachs, stratigraphic thickness, grain size, contour, subsidence, and environment
Output format Binary
Other output format
Pre-processing software needed? No
Describe pre-processing software
Post-processing software needed? No
Describe post-processing software
Visualization software needed? Yes
If above answer is yes
Other visualization software Surfer

Describe processes represented by the model Time-averaged sediment transport by long-range river transport based on discharge and gradient and on short range diffusive transport based on gradient and diffusion coefficients. Thresholds for slope and discharge can be set and act as a means to keep the flow from spreading over every adjacent grid cell allowing avulsion and bifurcation processes to be modeled.
Describe key physical parameters and equations Basin digital elevation model.
Describe length scale and resolution constraints The model has been successfully used for simulation of river-shelf-slope configuration with a length of 0.005–400 km. The very short length scale refers to laboratory produced physical landscape models that have been used for calibration of avulsion and headward erosion processes.
Describe time scale and resolution constraints Time steps of 10 – 1000 years depending on output range. Total range up to Millions of years.
Describe any numerical limitations and issues The model does not allow for compaction

Describe available calibration data sets Have successfully tested the model on the Colorado river shelf system, and along analogue models.
Upload calibration data sets if available:
Describe available test data sets
Upload test data sets if available:
Describe ideal data for testing Time-averaged values over 1000 years from seismic and sequence stratigraphic studies.

Do you have current or future plans for collaborating with other researchers?
Is there a manual available? No
Upload manual if available:
Model website if any
Model forum / discussion board
Comments Model was initially developed to interpolate between analogue experiments and landscape evolution done at the Utrecht University by George Postma and coworkers.

This part will be filled out by CSDMS staff

OpenMI compliant No but possible
BMI compliant No but possible
WMT component No but possible
PyMT component
Is this a data component
Can be coupled with:
Model info
Nr. of publications: --
Total citations: 0
h-index: --"--" is not a number.
m-quotient: 0
Qrcode QDSSM.png
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Input Files

Output Files