GIPL(Geophysical Institute Permafrost Laboratory) is an implicit finite difference one-dimensional heat flow numerical model.The model uses fine vertical resolution grid which preserves the latent-heat effects in the phase transition zone, even under conditions of rapid or abrupt changes in the temperature fields. It includes upper boundary condition (usually air temperature), constant geothermal heat flux at the lower boundary (typically from 500 to 1000 m) and initial temperature distribution with depth. The other inputs are precipitation, prescribed water content and thermal properties of the multilayered soil column. As an output the model produces temperature distributions at different depths, active layer thickness and calculates time of freeze up. The results include temperatures at different depths and active layer thickness, freeze-up days.
Does not include convective heat transfer.
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