Also known as
Model type Modular
Model part of larger framework
Note on status model
Date note status model
Incorporated models or components:
Spatial dimensions 2D
Spatial extent Continental, Regional-Scale
Model domain Terrestrial, Hydrology
One-line model description DHSVM is a distributed hydrologic model that explicitly represents the effects of topography and vegetation on water fluxes through the landscape.
Extended model description DHSVM is a distributed hydrology model that was developed at the University of Washington more than ten years ago. It has been applied both operationally, for streamflow prediction, and in a research capacity, to examine the effects of forest management on peak streamflow, among other things.


Name Administrator DHSVM
Type of contact Technical contact
Institute / Organization University of Washington, Land Surface Hydrology Research Group, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering
Postal address 1 PO Box 352700
Postal address 2
Town / City Seattle
Postal code 98195-2700
State Washington
Country United States
Email address

Supported platforms
Unix, Linux, Mac OS, Windows
Other platform
Programming language


Other program language
Code optimized Single Processor
Multiple processors implemented
Nr of distributed processors
Nr of shared processors
Start year development 1997
Does model development still take place? Yes
If above answer is no, provide end year model development
Code development status Active
When did you indicate the 'code development status'? 2020
Model availability As code
Source code availability
(Or provide future intension)
Through web repository
Source web address
Source csdms web address
Program license type Other
Program license type other NOT SURE
Memory requirements > 512Mb RAM
Typical run time

Describe input parameters Input parameters are:
  • Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the basin
  • Soil textural and hydraulic information
  • Vegetation information
  • Meteorological conditions at a subdaily timestep, in particular precipitation, air temperature, humidity, wind speed, incoming shortwave radiation and incoming longwave radiation
  • Information about the stream and road network (location, width, etc.)
Input format ASCII, Binary
Other input format
Describe output parameters There are a number of different types of output that the model can produce. In short, the following possibilities are available:

DHSVM hydrologic output

  • Default output (these files are always produced)
  • Model state files
  • Network flow files
  • Travel time based hydrograph file
  • Optional output files

Sediment Module output

  • Default output (these files are always produced)
  • Network flow files
  • Optional output files
Output format ASCII
Other output format
Pre-processing software needed? Yes
Describe pre-processing software Note that many input files are created using GIS and advanced skills are required.
Post-processing software needed? No
Describe post-processing software
Visualization software needed? No
If above answer is yes
Other visualization software

Describe processes represented by the model --
Describe key physical parameters and equations --
Describe length scale and resolution constraints --
Describe time scale and resolution constraints --
Describe any numerical limitations and issues --

Describe available calibration data sets
Upload calibration data sets if available:
Describe available test data sets Test datasets available on the web:

Upload test data sets if available:
Describe ideal data for testing

Do you have current or future plans for collaborating with other researchers?
Is there a manual available? Yes
Upload manual if available:
Model website if any
Model forum / discussion board

This part will be filled out by CSDMS staff

OpenMI compliant No but possible
BMI compliant No but possible
WMT component No but possible
PyMT component
Is this a data component
Can be coupled with:
Model info
Administrator DHSVM
Nr. of publications: 112
Total citations: 4657
h-index: 34
m-quotient: 1.13
Qrcode DHSVM.png
Link to this page




Nr. of publications: 112
Total citations: 4657
h-index: 34
m-quotient: 1.13

Featured publication(s)YearModel describedType of ReferenceCitations
Wigmosta, Mark S.; Vail, Lance W.; Lettenmaier, Dennis P.; 1994. A distributed hydrology-vegetation model for complex terrain. Water Resources Research, 30, 1665–1679. 10.1029/94WR00436
(View/edit entry)
1994 DHSVM
Model overview 1241
See more publications of DHSVM



Input Files

Output Files