Also known as
Model type Single
Model part of larger framework
Incorporated models or components:
Spatial dimensions 2D
Spatial extent Global
Model domain Terrestrial
One-line model description The CLUMondo model is a spatially explicit and dynamics land system change model
Extended model description CLUMondo is based on the land systems approach. Land systems are socio-ecological systems that reflect land use in a spatial unit in terms of land cover composition, spatial configuration, and the management activities employed. The precise definition of land systems depends on the scale of analysis, the purpose of modelling, and the case study region. In contrast to land cover classifications the role of land use intensity and livestock systems are explicitly addressed. Each land system can be characterized in terms of the fractional land covers.
Land systems are characterized based on the amount of forest in the landscape mosaic and the management type ranging from swidden cultivation to permanent cultivation and plantations.

land system change model, ,

First name Peter
Last name Verburg
Type of contact Model developer
Institute / Organization Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences
Postal address 1
Postal address 2
Town / City Amsterdam
Postal code 1081 HV
Country Netherlands
Email address

Supported platforms Unix, Linux, Mac OS, Windows
Other platform
Programming language C++
Other program language
Code optimized Single Processor
Multiple processors implemented
Nr of distributed processors
Nr of shared processors
Start year development 2011
Does model development still take place? Yes
If above answer is no, provide end year model development
Model availability As code
Source code availability
(Or provide future intension)
Through web repository
Source web address
Source csdms web address
Program license type Other
Program license type other Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 license (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0).
Memory requirements --
Typical run time --

Describe input parameters
Input format ASCII
Other input format
Describe output parameters
Output format Binary
Other output format
Pre-processing software needed? Yes
Describe pre-processing software GIS software
Post-processing software needed? Yes
Describe post-processing software GIS software
Visualization software needed? Yes
If above answer is yes ESRI
Other visualization software QGIS, etc.

Describe processes represented by the model
Describe key physical parameters and equations
Describe length scale and resolution constraints
Describe time scale and resolution constraints
Describe any numerical limitations and issues

Describe available calibration data sets
Upload calibration data sets if available:
Describe available test data sets
Upload test data sets if available:
Describe ideal data for testing

Do you have current or future plans for collaborating with other researchers?
Is there a manual available? Yes
Upload manual if available: Media:CLUMondo exercises website.pdf
Model website if any
Model forum / discussion board

This part will be filled out by CSDMS staff

OpenMI compliant No but possible
BMI compliant No but possible
WMT component No but possible
Can be coupled with:
Model info
Peter Verburg
Citation indices CLUMondo
Citations: 157
h-index: 6

Qrcode CLUMondo.png
Link to this page




Citation indices CLUMondo
Citations: 157
h-index: 6

Publication(s)YearModel describedType of ReferenceCitations
van Asselen, Sanneke, Verburg, Peter H., 2012. A Land System representation for global assessments and land-use modeling. Global Change Biology, 18, 3125-3148. 10.1111/j.1365-2486.2012.02759.x
(View/edit entry)
Model overview 82
van Asselen, Sanneke, Verburg, Peter H., 2013. Land cover change or land-use intensification: simulating land system change with a global-scale land change model. Global Change Biology, 19, 3648-3667. 10.1111/gcb.12331
(View/edit entry)
Model overview 101
Eitelberg, David A., van Vliet, Jasper, Verburg, Peter H., 2014. A review of global potentially available cropland estimates and their consequences for model-based assessments. Global Change Biology, 21, 1236-1248. 10.1111/gcb.12733
(View/edit entry)
Model application 40
Eitelberg, David A., van Vliet, Jasper, Doelman, Jonathan C., Stehfest, Elke, Verburg, Peter H., 2016. Demand for biodiversity protection and carbon storage as drivers of global land change scenarios. Global Environmental Change, 40, 101-111. 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2016.06.014
(View/edit entry)
Model application 16
van Vliet, Jasper, Eitelberg, David A., Verburg, Peter H., 2017. A global analysis of land take in cropland areas and production displacement from urbanization. Global Environmental Change, 43, 107-115. 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.02.001
(View/edit entry)
Model application 17
Liu, Zhifeng, Verburg, Peter H., Wu, Jianguo, He, Chunyang, 2017. Understanding Land System Change Through Scenario-Based Simulations: A Case Study from the Drylands in Northern China. Environmental Management, 59, 440–454. 10.1007/s00267-016-0802-3
(View/edit entry)
Model application 3
Prestele, Reinhard, Alexander, Peter, Rounsevell, Mark D. A., Arneth, Almut, Calvin, Katherine, Doelman, Jonathan, Eitelberg, David A., Engström, Kerstin, Fujimori, Shinichiro, Hasegawa, Tomoko, Havlik, Petr, Humpenöder, Florian, Jain, Atul K., Krisztin, Tamás, Kyle, Page, Meiyappan, Prasanth, Popp, Alexander, Sands, Ronald D., Schaldach, Rüdiger, Schüngel, Jan, Stehfest, Elke, Tabeau, Andrzej, Van Meijl, Hans, Van Vliet, Jasper, Verburg, Peter H., 2016. Hotspots of uncertainty in land-use and land-cover change projections: a global-scale model comparison. Global Change Biology, 22, 3967-3983. 10.1111/gcb.13337
(View/edit entry)
Model application 47
Eitelberg, David A., Van Vliet, Jasper, Verburg, Peter H., 2016. Accounting for monogastric livestock as a driver in global land use and cover change assessments. Journal of Land Use Science, 12, 1-16. 10.1080/1747423x.2016.1270361
(View/edit entry)
Model overview 1
Ornetsmüller, Christine, Verburg, Peter H., Heinimann, Andreas, 2016. Scenarios of land system change in the Lao PDR: Transitions in response to alternative demands on goods and services provided by the land. Applied Geography, 75, 1-11. 10.1016/j.apgeog.2016.07.010
(View/edit entry)
Model application 8
Prestele, R., Arneth, A., Bondeau, A., de Noblet-Ducoudré, N., Pugh, T. A. M., Sitch, S., Stehfest, E., Verburg, P. H., 2017. Current challenges of implementing anthropogenic land-use and land-cover change in models contributing to climate change assessments. Earth Syst. Dynam., 8, 369–386. 10.5194/esd-8-369-2017
(View/edit entry)
Model overview 8
Alexander, Peter, Prestele, Reinhard, Verburg, Peter H., Arneth, Almut, Baranzelli, Claudia, Batista e Silva, Filipe, Brown, Calum, Butler, Adam, Calvin, Katherine, Dendoncker, Nicolas, Doelman, Jonathan C., Dunford, Robert, Engström, Kerstin, Eitelberg, David, Fujimori, Shinichiro, Harrison, Paula A., Hasegawa, Tomoko, Havlik, Petr, Holzhauer, Sascha, Humpenöder, Florian, Jacobs-Crisioni, Chris, Jain, Atul K., Krisztin, Tamás, Kyle, Page, Lavalle, Carlo, Lenton, Tim, Liu, Jiayi, Meiyappan, Prasanth, Popp, Alexander, Powell, Tom, Sands, Ronald D., Schaldach, Rüdiger, Stehfest, Elke, Steinbuks, Jevgenijs, Tabeau, Andrzej, van Meijl, Hans, Wise, Marshall A., Rounsevell, Mark D. A., 2016. Assessing uncertainties in land cover projections. Global Change Biology, 23, 767-781. 10.1111/gcb.13447
(View/edit entry)
Model application 25



Input Files

Output Files