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Short Description

Africa population density 2000

Statement: United Nations Population Database (1950 - 2050)

Abstract: World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision Population Database from the United Nations Population Division. The preparation of each new revision of the official population estimates and projections of the United Nations involves two distinct processes: (a) the incorporation of all new and relevant information regarding the past demographic dynamics of the population of each country or area of the world; and (b) the formulation of detailed assumptions about the future paths of fertility, mortality and international migration. The data sources used and the methods applied in revising past estimates of demographic indicators (i.e., those referring to 1950-2010) are presented online and in volume III of World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision (forthcoming).

The future population of each country is projected starting with an estimated population for 1 July 2010. Because population data are not necessarily available for that date, the 2010 estimate is derived from the most recent population data available for each country, obtained usually from a population census or a population register, projected to 2010 using all available data on fertility, mortality and international migration trends between the reference date of the population data available and 1 July 2010. In cases where data on the components of population change relative to the past 5 or 10 years are not available, estimated demographic trends are projections based on the most recent available data. Population data from all sources are evaluated for completeness, accuracy and consistency, and adjusted as necessary.

To project the population until 2050, the United Nations Population Division uses assumptions regarding future trends in fertility, mortality and international migration. Because future trends cannot be known with certainty, a number of projection variants are produced. The following paragraphs summarize the main assumptions underlying the derivation of demographic indicators for the period starting in 2010 and ending in 2050. A more detailed description of the different assumptions will be available in volume III of World Population Prospects: The 2008 Revision (forthcoming)

The 2008 Revision includes eight projection variants. The eight variants are: low; medium; high; constant-fertility; instant-replacement-fertility; constant-mortality; no change (constant-fertility and constant-mortality); and zero-migration. The World Population Prospects Highlights focuses on the medium variant of the 2008 Revision, and results from the first four variants are available on-line.

Data format

Data type: Human dimensions
Data origin: Modeled
Data format: CSV
Other format:
Data resolution: Data is provided per country

Data Coverage

Spatial data coverage: Global
Temporal data coverage: Time series
Time period covered: 1950 - 2050 (5year intervals)


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