2023 CSDMS meeting-052
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Equilibrium elevation of the lower Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Delta
Here, we investigate the strength of the inundation feedback and the resulting equilibrium elevation. We identify three main controls on this feedback - (1) annual rate of rSLR, (2) mean tidal range (TR), and (3) mean suspended sediment concentration (SSC). We explore the realistic parameter space of each using a simple, zero-dimensional mass balance model. Specifically, we ask (1) what equilibrium elevations are feasible, (2) how these equilibrium elevations compare to tides (e.g., relative to mean sea level (MSL) or mean high water (MHW)), and (3) how equilibrium elevation impacts the duration (hydroperiod) and intensity (depth) of a typical inundation cycle. Results show an incredibly robust feedback for most conditions with the notable exception of low SSCs (< 0.1 g/L). This low, yet realistic value of SSC represents a tipping point at which the equilibrium elevation drops precipitously. At higher rates of rSLR (> 8mm/yr) and lower TR (< 2 m) the equilibrium elevation results in complete drowning of the platform.