Difference between revisions of "Model:RHESSys"

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{{Input - Output description
 
{{Input - Output description
 
|Describe input parameters='''Input Data needed''': required and optional (based on project needs and data availability):
 
|Describe input parameters='''Input Data needed''': required and optional (based on project needs and data availability):
 
 
Spatial data (GIS maps) - to be brought into GRASS GIS
 
Spatial data (GIS maps) - to be brought into GRASS GIS
 
''Basic requirements'':
 
''Basic requirements'':
 
* DEM (Digital Elevation Model)
 
* DEM (Digital Elevation Model)
''Optional'':  
+
 
* Stream network, stream gage locations  
+
''Optional'':
 +
* Stream network, stream gage locations
 
* Meteorological station locations
 
* Meteorological station locations
 
* Vegetation and soil type, LAI
 
* Vegetation and soil type, LAI
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|Post-processing software needed?=Yes
 
|Post-processing software needed?=Yes
 
|Describe post-processing software='''Converting RHESSys Output to Spatial Output Using rh'''
 
|Describe post-processing software='''Converting RHESSys Output to Spatial Output Using rh'''
 
 
rh is a command line program developed to convert RHESSys model output to spatial output. The spatial output can be formatted for viewing in either GRASS or ArcView.
 
rh is a command line program developed to convert RHESSys model output to spatial output. The spatial output can be formatted for viewing in either GRASS or ArcView.
  
 
''Requirements''
 
''Requirements''
 
 
rh must be run from inside the GRASS GIS system. To run rh the user must first output the patch map layer into either an ascii text file for GRASS or an ascii text file for Arc/INFO or ArcView.
 
rh must be run from inside the GRASS GIS system. To run rh the user must first output the patch map layer into either an ascii text file for GRASS or an ascii text file for Arc/INFO or ArcView.
 
|Visualization software needed?=Yes
 
|Visualization software needed?=Yes
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{{Process description model
 
{{Process description model
 
|Describe processes represented by the model=The original process models include the following:
 
|Describe processes represented by the model=The original process models include the following:
 
 
* The MTN-Clim model (Running et al, 1987) uses topography and user supplied base station information to derive spatially variable climate variables such as radiation and to extrapolate input climate variables over topographically varying terrain.
 
* The MTN-Clim model (Running et al, 1987) uses topography and user supplied base station information to derive spatially variable climate variables such as radiation and to extrapolate input climate variables over topographically varying terrain.
 
* An ecophysiological model is adapted from BIOME-BGC (Running and Coughlan, 1988; Running and Hunt, 1993) to estimate carbon, water and potentially nitrogen fluxes from different canopy cover types.
 
* An ecophysiological model is adapted from BIOME-BGC (Running and Coughlan, 1988; Running and Hunt, 1993) to estimate carbon, water and potentially nitrogen fluxes from different canopy cover types.
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# Tague, C., and Pohl, M. 2008. The Potential Utility of Physically based Hydrologic Modeling in Ungaged Urban Streams. Annals of Association of American Geographers
 
# Tague, C., and Pohl, M. 2008. The Potential Utility of Physically based Hydrologic Modeling in Ungaged Urban Streams. Annals of Association of American Geographers
 
# Christensen, L, Tague, C and Baron, J. 2008. Spatial patterns of simulated transpiration response to climate variability in a snow dominated mountain ecosystems. Hydrological Processes, 9999:9999, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6961
 
# Christensen, L, Tague, C and Baron, J. 2008. Spatial patterns of simulated transpiration response to climate variability in a snow dominated mountain ecosystems. Hydrological Processes, 9999:9999, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6961
# Lookingbill, T.R., Gardner, R.H., Wainger, L.A., Tague, C.L. 2008. Ecological models:Landscape Modelling”, Encyclopedia of Ecology, S.E.Jorgensen (ed), Elsevier, Netherlands, ISBN: 0-444-52033-3
+
# Lookingbill, T.R., Gardner, R.H., Wainger, L.A., Tague, C.L. 2008. Ecological models:Landscape Modelling”, Encyclopedia of Ecology, S.E.Jorgensen (ed), Elsevier, Netherlands, ISBN: 0-444-52033-3
 
# Tague, C., Farrell, M., Grant, G. Choate, J., Jefferson A. 2008. Deep groundwater mediates streamflow response to climate warming in the Oregon Cascades. Climatic Change, 86:189-210,DOI 10.1007/s10584-007-9294-8
 
# Tague, C., Farrell, M., Grant, G. Choate, J., Jefferson A. 2008. Deep groundwater mediates streamflow response to climate warming in the Oregon Cascades. Climatic Change, 86:189-210,DOI 10.1007/s10584-007-9294-8
 
# Hope, A.S., Tague, C., and Clark, R.E. 2007. Characterizing Post-Fire Vegetation Recovery of California Chaparral Using TM/ETM+ Time-Series Data. International Journal of Remote Sensing
 
# Hope, A.S., Tague, C., and Clark, R.E. 2007. Characterizing Post-Fire Vegetation Recovery of California Chaparral Using TM/ETM+ Time-Series Data. International Journal of Remote Sensing
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# Comer, K., Tague, C.L.,Alberts, A. Franklin, J. 2006. Sea Turtle Nesting Habitat on the U.S. Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba: A comparison of habitat suitability index models”, Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 5:2, 175-187
 
# Comer, K., Tague, C.L.,Alberts, A. Franklin, J. 2006. Sea Turtle Nesting Habitat on the U.S. Naval Station, Guantanamo Bay, Cuba: A comparison of habitat suitability index models”, Chelonian Conservation and Biology. 5:2, 175-187
 
# Tague, C. 2006. Heterogeneity in hydrologic processes: A terrestrial hydrologic modeling perspective. Ecosystem Function in Heterogeneous Landscapes, Lovett, G. M., Jones, C. G , Turner, M. G. and Weathers, K. C. (eds), Springer-Verlag, NY
 
# Tague, C. 2006. Heterogeneity in hydrologic processes: A terrestrial hydrologic modeling perspective. Ecosystem Function in Heterogeneous Landscapes, Lovett, G. M., Jones, C. G , Turner, M. G. and Weathers, K. C. (eds), Springer-Verlag, NY
# Tague, C., Band, L. Franklin, J. 2006. Terrestrial Ecosystems. Encyclopedia of Hydrologic Science, Anderson, M. (eds), Wiley, Bristol, UK.
+
# Tague, C., Band, L. Franklin, J. 2006. Terrestrial Ecosystems. Encyclopedia of Hydrologic Science, Anderson, M. (eds), Wiley, Bristol, UK
# Tenebaum, D., Band, L., Kenworthy, S. and Tague, C. 2006. Analysis of Soil Moisture Patterns in Forested and Suburban Catchments Using High-Resolution Photogrammetric and LIDAR Digital Elevation Datasets. Hydrological Processes, 20:2, 219-240
 
# Zierl, B., Bugmann, H. and Tague, C. 2006. Water and carbon fluxes of European ecosystems: An evaluation of the ecohydrological model RHESSys. Hydrological Processes, 12, DOI:10.1002/hyp.6540
 
# Band, L.E., and Tague, C. 2005. Feedbacks and Coupling between Water, Carbon and Nutrient Cycling at the Hillslope Scale. Coupled Models for the Hydrological Cycle- Integrating Atmosphere, Biosphere, and Pedosphere, Bronstert, A., Carrera, J., Kabat, P., and Lütkemeier, S.  (eds.) Springer
 
# Mitchell, S. W., Csillag, F., Tague, C. 2005. Impacts of spatial model definition on prediction uncertainty of spatial environmental models: grassland productivity in Grasslands National Park Canada. Transactions in GIS, 9(3), doi:10.1111/j.1467-9671.2005.00225.x
 
# Swinarski, R, Tague, C., Barahs, G. 2005. Vector quantization and rough set method in modeling of spatial geographical systems. Proceedings of the 2005 World Congress in Applied Computing, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, June 20-23, 2005
 
# Tague, C. and Band, L. 2004. RHESSys: Regional Hydro-ecologic simulation system: An object-oriented approach to spatially distributed modeling of carbon, water and nutrient cycling. Earth Interactions, 8:19, 1-42
 
# Tague, C.L, and Grant, G. 2004. A geological framework for interpreting the low flow regimes of Cascade streams, Willamette River Basin, Oregon. Water Resources Research, 40, W04303, doi:10.1029/2003WR00262
 
# Tague, C., McMichael, C., Hope, A., Choate, J., Clark, R. 2004. Application of the RHESSys model to a California semi-arid shrubland watershed. Journal of American Water Resources, 40(3), 575-589
 
# Hope, A., Tague, C., McMichael, C., Anaya, M., Choate, J. 2003. Uncertainty in modelling streamflow in semiarid shrublands: implications for predicting the effects of landcover change. Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Integrated Water Resource Management, Stellenbosch, South Africa, 22-24 January 2003
 
#  Benda, L., Poff, L.N, Tague, C., Palmer, M.A., Pizzuto, J., Bockstael, Cooper, S., Stanley, E., Moglen, G. 2002. Avoiding train wrecks in the use of science in environmental problem solving. Bioscience, 52(12), 1127-1136
 
# Mitchel, S., Csillag, F. Tague, C. 2002. Advantages of open-source GIS to improve spatial environmental modeling. Proceedings of the Open source GIS - GRASS users conference 2002 - Trento, Italy, 11-13 September 2002.
 
#  Band, L.E., Tague, C.L., Groffman, P. 2001. Forest ecosystem processes at the watershed scale: Hydrological and ecological controls of nitrogen export. Hydrologic Processes, 15, 2013-2028
 
#  Tague, C. L., Band, L.E. 2001. Evaluating Explicit and Implicit Routing for Catchment Scale Models of Forest Hydrology. Hydrologic Processes, 15, 1415-1439
 
#  Tague, C.L. and Band, L.E. 2001. Simulating the impact of road construction and forest harvesting on hydrologic response using RHESSys. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 26(2), 135-151
 
#  Band, L.E., Tague, C.L., Brun, S.E., Tenenbaum, D.E., Fernandes, R.A. 2000. Modeling watersheds as spatial object hierarchies: Structure and Dynamics. Transactions in GIS, 9(3), 181-196
 
#  Walko, R.L., Band, L.E., Baron, J., Kittel, T.G., Kittel, F., Lammers, R., Lee, T., Ojima, D., Pielke, R.A., Taylor, C., Tague, C., Tremback, C.J., Vidale, P.L. 2000. Coupled Atmosphere-Biophysics-Hydrology Models for Environmental Modeling. Journal of Applied Meteorology, 39, 931-944
 
#  Biggs, B., J.B. Robinson, C. Tague, M. Walsh. 1999.  Tools for Linking Choices and Consequences. Sustainability Issues and Choices in the Lower Fraser Basin: Resolving the Dissonance, M. Healey (ed), Institute for Resources and the Environments, Westwater Research, Vancouver, Canada: 237-262
 
#  Hartman, M., Baron, J., Lammers, R., Cline, B., Band, L., Tague.C. 1999. Simulations of snow distribution and hydrology in a mountain basin. Water Resources Research 35(5), 1587-1603
 
#  Lammers, R., Band, L., and Tague, C. 1997. Scaling behaviour in watershed processes. Scaling–up, P.vanGardingen, G.Foody and P. Curran (eds.) Cambridge University Press
 
 
|Manual model available=Yes
 
|Manual model available=Yes
 
|Model manual=Tutorials RHESSys.tar,
 
|Model manual=Tutorials RHESSys.tar,
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|Comments=To run RHESSys successfully, the user will need to invest quite a bit of time gathering both spatial and observed data, which may require additional work to format the data correctly. A sample dataset can be downloaded with tutorials to familiarize users with the data and formats required in order to run RHESSys.
 
|Comments=To run RHESSys successfully, the user will need to invest quite a bit of time gathering both spatial and observed data, which may require additional work to format the data correctly. A sample dataset can be downloaded with tutorials to familiarize users with the data and formats required in order to run RHESSys.
 
}}
 
}}
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==Introduction==
 
==Introduction==
  

Revision as of 09:36, 10 November 2010


Contact

First name christina
Last name Tague
Type of contact Model developer
Institute / Organization University of California, Santa Barbara
Postal address 1 Bren Hall 4516
Postal address 2
Town / City Santa Barbara
Postal code 93106
State California
Country USA"USA" is not in the list (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, ...) of allowed values for the "Country" property.
Email address ctague@bren.ucsb.edu
Phone 805-893-8579
Fax 805-893-7612


First name Janet
Last name Choate
Type of contact Model developer
Institute / Organization University of California, Santa Barbara
Postal address 1 Bren Hall 4516
Postal address 2
Town / City Santa Barbara
Postal code 93106
State California
Country USA"USA" is not in the list (Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, ...) of allowed values for the "Additional country" property.
Email address jchoate@bren.ucsb.edu
Phone
Fax




RHESSys


Metadata

Summary

Also known as
Model type Modular
Model part of larger framework

Technical specs

Supported platforms Unix, Linux, Mac OS
Other platform
Programming language C
Other program language
Code optimized Single Processor
Multiple processors implemented
Nr of distributed processors
Nr of shared processors
Start year development 1991
Does model development still take place? Yes
If above answer is no, provide end year model development
Code development status
When did you indicate the 'code development status'?
Model availability As code
Source code availability
(Or provide future intension)
Through web repository
Source web address http://fiesta.bren.ucsb.edu/~rhessys/setup/downloads/downloads.html
Source csdms web address
Program license type Other
Program license type other NOT SURE
Memory requirements --
Typical run time --


In/Output

Describe input parameters Input Data needed: required and optional (based on project needs and data availability):

Spatial data (GIS maps) - to be brought into GRASS GIS Basic requirements:

  • DEM (Digital Elevation Model)

Optional:

  • Stream network, stream gage locations
  • Meteorological station locations
  • Vegetation and soil type, LAI
  • Road network, landcover/landuse (eg. residential, agricultural, open space, etc...)
  • Snow redistribution

Timeseries data - natural and human induced inputs as text files: Basic requirements:

  • Daily Precipitation (Meters)
  • Daily Maximum Temperature (°C)
  • Daily Minimum Temperature (°C)

Optional:

  • Day length (seconds)
  • Duration of rainfall (hours)
  • Zone and seasonal scaling of LAI (unitless)
  • Incoming longwave radiation (KJ/(meters2)/day)
  • Incoming direct shortwave radiation (KJ/(meters2)/day)
  • Incoming diffuse shortwave radiation (KJ/(meters2)/day)
  • Nitrogen deposition as NO3 (kg/(meters2)/day)
  • Nitrogen deposition as NH4 (kg/(meters2)/day)
  • Incoming direct PAR radiation (KJ/(meters2)/day)
  • Incoming diffuse PAR radiation (KJ/(meters2)/day)
  • Relative humidity (Range (0-1))
  • Mean daytime temperature (°C)
  • Night time temperature at sundown (°C)
  • Soil temperature (°C)
  • Vapour pressure deficit (Pa)
  • Wind speed (meters/sec)
  • Carbon dioxide (CO2) (parts per million/year)
Input format ASCII, Binary
Other input format
Describe output parameters --
Output format ASCII, Binary
Other output format
Pre-processing software needed? Yes
Describe pre-processing software Associated with the RHESSys simulation are a number of interface programs which organize input data into the format required by the RHESSys simulation model. These include a standard GIS-based terrain partitioning program, r.watershed, and other basic GIS routines as part of the GRASS GIS system and two RHESSys specific programs:
  1. GRASS2WORLD (derives landscape representation from GIS images)
  2. CREATE_FLOWPATHS (establishes connectivity between spatial units)
Post-processing software needed? Yes
Describe post-processing software Converting RHESSys Output to Spatial Output Using rh

rh is a command line program developed to convert RHESSys model output to spatial output. The spatial output can be formatted for viewing in either GRASS or ArcView.

Requirements rh must be run from inside the GRASS GIS system. To run rh the user must first output the patch map layer into either an ascii text file for GRASS or an ascii text file for Arc/INFO or ArcView.

Visualization software needed? Yes
If above answer is yes ESRI
Other visualization software GRASS


Process

Describe processes represented by the model The original process models include the following:
  • The MTN-Clim model (Running et al, 1987) uses topography and user supplied base station information to derive spatially variable climate variables such as radiation and to extrapolate input climate variables over topographically varying terrain.
  • An ecophysiological model is adapted from BIOME-BGC (Running and Coughlan, 1988; Running and Hunt, 1993) to estimate carbon, water and potentially nitrogen fluxes from different canopy cover types.
  • Distributed hydrologic models – The original RHESSys utilized a single approach, TOPMODEL, to model soil moisture redistribution and runoff production. We now include two approaches:
    • TOPMODEL (Beven and Kirkby, 1979) is a quasi distributed model. TOPMODEL distributes hillslope soil moisture based on a distribution of a topograhically defined wetness index.
    • An explicit routing model is adapted from DHSVM (Wigmosta et al., 1994) which models saturated subsurface throughflow and overland flow via explicit connectivity. An important modification from the grid-based routing in DHSVM is the ability to route w ater between arbitrarily shaped surface elements. This allows greater flexibility in defining surface patches and varying shape and density of surface tesselation.
Describe key physical parameters and equations ---
Describe length scale and resolution constraints --
Describe time scale and resolution constraints --
Describe any numerical limitations and issues --


Testing

Describe available calibration data sets --
Upload calibration data sets if available:
Describe available test data sets See uploaded data file (Data.tar); or visit: http://fiesta.bren.ucsb.edu/~rhessys/setup/downloads/source.shtml
Upload test data sets if available: Media:Data.tar
Describe ideal data for testing


Other

Do you have current or future plans for collaborating with other researchers? --
Is there a manual available? Yes
Upload manual if available: Media:Tutorials RHESSys.tar
Model website if any http://fiesta.bren.ucsb.edu/~rhessys/index.html
Model forum / discussion board RHESSys source code and various user support programs are freely available for download. Limited documentation is also available on the website. We do not have the resources, however, to freely provide technical support for new users. Workshops are periodically available. If you would like additional training, technical support or information on hosting a RHESSys workshop, etc., we may be able to provide this on a contractual basis - Please contact Christina Tague (ctague@bren.ucsb.edu) or Janet Choate (jchoate@bren.ucsb.edu) for more information.
Comments To run RHESSys successfully, the user will need to invest quite a bit of time gathering both spatial and observed data, which may require additional work to format the data correctly. A sample dataset can be downloaded with tutorials to familiarize users with the data and formats required in order to run RHESSys.


Introduction

History

Papers

Issues

Help

Input Files

Output Files

Download

Source